NOVEMBER 2021 GUIDE TO BALLOT PROPOSALS
Proposal 1: Amending the Apportionment and Redistricting Process
Description of Proposal: The purpose of this proposal is to amend the portions of Article 3 of the New York Constitution that relate to the way district lines for congressional and state legislative offices are determined.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: This proposed constitutional amendment would freeze the number of state senators at 63, amend the process for the counting of the state’s population, delete certain provisions that violate the United States Constitution, repeal and amend certain requirements for the appointment of the co-executive directors of the redistricting commission and amend the manner of drawing district lines for congressional and state legislative offices. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?
LWV NYS Position on proposal 1: vote no
- The current New York State law requiring incarcerated individuals to be counted as living in their last place of residence, and not prison, for purposes of redistricting would be constitutionalized.
- In case the Federal Census fails to include non-citizen and Native American residents in its count, New York State would be required to count them for purposes of redistricting.
- The proposed amendment simplifies commission voting rules and legislative voting procedures that are currently based on which political party controls the Senate and Assembly.
- The proposed amendment removes a partisan basis for voting procedures.
- The amendment moves the timeline for the commission to submit their draft mapping plans to the legislature. The current timeline will potentially prevent candidates from collecting petition signatures for election because district maps may not be signed into law in time.
- The proposed amendment would unfairly empower the majority party by preventing the minority party from having input into the final proposed maps.
- The amendment repeals the special legislative voting rules in place in case one party controls both legislative houses, which require plans to be approved by at least two-thirds of the members of each house. Instead, a simple majority will be needed to approve the commission’s plans, or a 60% majority if the commission is unable to obtain seven votes to approve a redistricting plan on time.
- The amendment takes away the voting rights of minority party-appointed commission members in appointing the two co-executive directors of the commission.
- The proposed amendment significantly reduces the role of the commission in the entire process. Proposed subdivision (g-1) of section five-b provides that if the commission does not reach a decision by November 1, 2021, its draft plans will be submitted to the Legislature that can then (according to proposed changes to section four-b) introduce its own redistricting plans.
Proposal 2: Right to Clean Air, Water, and a Healthful Environment
Description of Proposal: The purpose of this proposal is to protect public health and the environment by adding the right of each person to clean air and water and a healthful environment to the Bill of Rights in Article 1 of the New York Constitution.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: The proposed amendment to Article 1 of the New York Constitution would establish the right of each person to clean air and water and a healthful environment. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?
LWV NYS Position on proposal 2: vote yes
- This amendment will require state and local governments and businesses to consider the environment and its citizens’ relationship to it in all decision making.
- Advocates in favor of the amendment believe it will create a mechanism for combating environmental racism and rebalancing the inequities communities of color and low-income communities face from disproportionate exposure to pollution and other environment-harming practices.
- Forty-three states have some form of expression of environmental values in their Constitutions; but only Montana and Pennsylvania have recognized protecting environmental rights as an unchallengeable right, putting environmental rights on par with other political and civil liberties. New York would be the third state to adopt this measure.
- The amendment’s broad language could lead to complications, including frivolous lawsuits against companies with facilities sited under existing environmental rules.
- The amendment’s general wording gives great flexibility to the New York courts to interpret and apply the provisions. More details regarding enforcement and definitions, duties and obligations related to environmental rights are required.
- Courts could require NY cities and counties to make expensive changes to brick & mortar facilities, or to move, or renovate them. It could be called another “Unfunded Mandate.”
Proposal 3: Eliminating Ten-Day-Advance Voter Registration Requirement
Description of Proposal: Section 5 of Article 2 of the New York Constitution now requires that a citizen be registered to vote at least ten days before an election. The proposed amendment would delete that requirement. If this amendment is adopted, the Legislature will be authorized to enact laws permitting a citizen to register to vote less than ten days before the election.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: The proposed amendment would delete the current requirement in Article 2, § 5 that a citizen be registered to vote at least ten days before an election and would allow the Legislature to enact laws permitting a citizen to register to vote less than ten days before the election. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?
LWV NYS Position on proposal 3: vote yes
- More voters will be enfranchised by shortening or eliminating the deadline to register to vote.
- This proposal would allow the Legislature to implement same-day voter registration. Twenty states currently allow for same-day voter registration.
- Same-day registration can increase voter turnout and participation by ensuring all eligible voters can cast their ballot.
- On election day voter rolls can be updated and corrected allowing eligible voters who have moved, or been removed in error from the official rolls, to update their registration records.
- Should same-day voter registration be implemented after passage of this amendment, election officials may have difficulty determining how many ballots are needed at each poll site.
- Implementing same-day voter registration has the potential to allow for in-person election fraud if a voter illegally registers at multiple sites and votes.
Proposal 4: Authorizing No-Excuse Absentee Ballot Voting
Description of Proposal: The purpose of this proposal is to eliminate the requirement that a voter provide a reason for voting by absentee ballot. The proposed amendment would do so by deleting the requirement currently in the Constitution that restricts absentee voting to people under one of two specific circumstances: (1) those who expect to be absent from the county of their residence, or from New York City for residents of that city, on Election Day, and (2) those who are unable to appear at their polling place because of illness or physical disability.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: The proposed amendment would delete from the current provision on absentee ballots the requirement that an absentee voter must be unable to appear at the polls by reason of absence from the county or illness or physical disability. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?
LWV NYS Position on proposal 4: vote yes
- Any voter would have the ability to request an absentee ballot for a primary and/or general election thereby increasing voter access to elections.
- Absentee voting was heavily utilized during the COVID-19 pandemic. Removing the cause for requesting an absentee ballot would ensure voters can request to vote by absentee ballot should another pandemic occur.
- Thirty-four states and Washington, D.C., do not require an excuse from those who wish to vote absentee or by mail.
- Has the potential to take pressure off poll sites by reducing the number of in-person voters.
- The proposed amendment would provide less protection against potential absentee ballot voter fraud. The number of absentee ballots would increase, but the proposed amendment offers no suggestions for increasing protection against potential fraud.
- There is potential for loss of anonymity with more absentee voting.
- Additional reliance on absentee voting can slow election results and reporting.
- An increase in absentee voting can cost municipalities additional money for printing of ballots, envelopes, and for postage.
- The civic experience of voting with neighbors at a local school, church, or other polling place no longer exists.
Proposal 5: Increasing the Jurisdiction of the New York City Civil Court
Description of Proposal: The purpose of this proposal is to amend Article 6, Section 15 of the New York Constitution to increase the jurisdiction of the New York City Civil Court. The New York City Civil Court is currently limited to hearing and deciding claims for $25,000 or less.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: The proposed amendment would allow the New York City Civil Court to hear and decide claims for $50,000 or less. Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: The proposed amendment would increase the New York City Civil Court’s jurisdiction by allowing it to hear and decide claims for up to $50,000 instead of the current jurisdictional limit of $25,000. Shall the proposed amendment be approved?
LWV NYS Position on proposal 5: no position
- In 1983, the Constitution was amended to raise the jurisdictional limit of the New York City Civil Court from claims of $10,000 to $25,000, where it has remained. This was done to adjust for inflation, and to help lift a burden off of a backlogged New York State Supreme Court. This proposal will raise the jurisdictional limit of New York City Civil Court to $50,000.
- This proposal will reduce backlogs and delays by relieving some of the burden placed on New York Supreme Court judges who hear civil cases with claims above $25,000.
- The Civil Court of the City of New York consists of 3 Parts: General Civil, Housing, and Small Claims. General Civil cases include matters where parties are seeking monetary relief up to $25,000. The Housing Part hears landlordtenant matters and cases involving maintenance of housing standards. The Small Claims Part hears cases where parties are seeking monetary relief up to $10,000. This proposal may place an additional burden on the New York City Civil Court by increasing the number of cases they may receive.
Description and analysis above appears in printable form in the League of Women Voters of New York State’s 2021 Voters Guide Part II.
County Proposition One: Amending County Law to Enact a New Ethics Code
Description of Proposal: The rationale for amending the Laws of Westchester County is to enact a new and comprehensive code of ethics for the County of Westchester, its officers, employees, and contractors, by setting forth a detailed “Code of Conduct,” which sets forth restrictions on officer, employee, and contractor behavior to prevent the improper use of office for personal gain, and to protect the County and its residents from improper conflicts of interest. The Local Law also sets forth disclosure requirements to provide transparency, and structures and defines the powers and duties of the Board of Ethics to oversee, implement, and enforce the Local Law.
Question as it Will Appear on Ballot: Should the County of Westchester amend its laws to enact a new and comprehensive code of ethics, including a detailed code of conduct, updated disclosure requirements, and clarifying the structure and authority of the Board of Ethics to oversee, implement and enforce the law?